Parenthetical citing is used to cite sources, whether it is a quote, summary or paraphrase, where it appears in your paper. Parenthetical citations within the text of your paper let your reader know when you've used information from another source. The parenthetical citation corresponds to a source listed on your works cited page.
Place parenthetical citations at the end of the sentence you are paraphrasing, summarizing or quoting.
MLA ex.: The destruction of the The Bantu Migration was a southeastern movement (Jonas 33).
Place parenthetical citations after the quotations. Example: "Today most of the population lives in regions descended from Bantu migrants" (Jonas 89).
APA ex.: The destruction of the The Bantu Migration was a southeastern movement (Jonas, 2012, p. 4).
"Today most of the population lives in regions is descended from Bantu migrants" (Jonas, 2012 p. 89).
In APA parenthetical citations use the Author Date Method.
Author’s last name, year of publication and page number.
Only information not already contained in your sentence should be included in the parenthesis.
Ex. In his 2011 article, Robert Jones says the world had its warmest year since 1180 (p.4).