You should acknowledge any ideas or information that you use in your paper that are not your own. Anytime you quote, paraphrase or summarize information from another source in your paper you must let the reader know where this information came from.
Sources of information include: text, audio/visual, art work, interviews, letters, maps and tables.
Your reader needs to be able to distinguish your words and ideas from the words and materials of other creators. You do this by summarizing, paraphrasing, or quoting text (see the boxes below). This should be done in written work and oral presentations.
Text: Acknowledge the source directly after it is used in your paper. Create an in-text citation and put the full citation in your reference list.
Presentations: Create a list of sources on the final slide.
Oral Presentation: Acknowledge the source by saying "According to..." or "As written by..." If there is a presentation as well, include a final slide with a list of y our sources.
When you decide to quote, be careful on relying on one source too often and make sure that your use of the quote demonstrates an understanding of the source material.
Paraphrase: When you paraphrase you restate the author's idea in your own words, using your own voice and style. The length should be about the same as the original source. Use paraphrasing to:
Summarize: When you summarize, you provide your readers with a condensed version of an author's key points. A summary can be as short as a few sentences or much longer, depending on the text and the level of detail you want to include.
Before you summarize a source in your paper, you should decide what your reader needs to know from that source. Use the summary to: